Sunday, 25 June 2017

《道教神明文化。祈求平安。吉慶有餘》








《道教神明文化。祈求平安。吉慶有餘》

祈求天降福,
大小能平安,
快樂自在。

吉慶人得佑,
老少喜有餘,
欣悅满足。

一般民眾可能只知道有此二位「神官童子」(有者認為是「人造神」),都較少人知道其實在【民間】,「農曆六月初二日」及「農曆六月初八日」是為「祂們」的【生辰】。

目前在【東南亞】,少數【道教徒】還是會為「祂們」慶生,而稱此日為【孩兒生】或【童子生】

Saturday, 24 June 2017

《道教天貺日文化。供品敬蒼天。五穀豐登》










《道教天貺日文化。供品敬蒼天。五穀豐登》



【天貺日】之供品,有別與平時的祭祀供品,原因有許:



1 – 古時為農作年代,其供品是為【夏季】摘收之物,供奉為求【五穀豐收】



2 – 以【自然】之物,祈求【上蒼】降佑憐憫辛勞之人民



3 – 等等。



而在【宋代】,【帝皇】則會在【天貺日】準備豐盛之供品,為天下百姓祈福。



以下便是幾種重要供品:



1 五穀﹐此為現今之五穀﹕米。麥。玉米。薏米。糙米



2 五色豆



3 當季四樣水果



4 –四色糕餅﹐由米。芝麻。花生。麵粉。製成



5 –三樣生菜:長蒜。青蔥。姜



6 –三樣傳統甜食



7 –兩種瓜類



8 兩種瓜子類



9 –一大碗湯圓﹐不可有紅白色

《道教天貺日文化。始辰。方向。朝敬》





《道教天貺日文化。始辰。方向。朝敬》



【丁酉鷄年天貺日】,即是【農曆六月初六日】﹐今年之天貺日始於【丑時一刻】。



記得在敬香時﹐面向【東方蒼龍角宿】 此為【道教】中的【天門】方位處。



圖中所顯示的【天門一】(53)及【天門二】(69) 為【小天門】或【副天門】。



註﹕



【習道之士】可前往別忘了送化【開天門符】及【三十六天符】﹐以便為眾生祈福乞赦。



Tian Kuang Day's starting Hour & Direction



Opening of Heavenly’s Gate Day for Year 2017, falls on 29 June, a Thursday.



For the starting hour, it will be 0115 hour onwards.



Please do remember to face East (direction where Spica Formation is) to offer your respect.

Friday, 23 June 2017

《道教天貺日文化。補庫補運祈福大日。三界同慶》






《道教天貺日文化。補庫補運祈福大日。三界同慶》



【農曆六月初六日】及【初七日】,為道教中的【天貺日】及【天門開】,也是【金闕至尊玉皇大天尊】第二次巡視天下。



這天可啓建【補運】,【補庫】及【祈福】之科儀,更能為【過往者】舉行【拔薦超度】。



而一般在家中或壇上,可設【道教五供】或【道教十供】來朝敬【三界高真】,也可點三,三十或三百【明燈】祈福消災。



最為重要的,就是得準備【清水】九杯,十一杯或十五杯,之後將其【清水】收集起來,有疾病時可將其入藥。



今年,【丁酉雞年】之【農曆六月】初的幾個吉日,請大家務必記下:



農曆六月初一日

農曆六月初二日

農曆六月初六日

農曆六月初七日




《道教天貺日文化。大少司命神君。出巡天地》





《道教天貺日文化。大少司命神君。出巡天地》



【道教文化】之中﹐【天門開】之日 【天貺日】﹐ 也是相傳為【大少司命】二位神君(元君)下凡【攷察】(入簿)之時。 



相傳【司命二神】﹐由星象【虛宿】中二星所演化。



在【祖天師】授教於【道祖】之時﹐【道祖】曾向【祖天師】介紹【二星神】,當時【道祖】稱二星為【中央司命者】及【製命仗人(後稱司命仗人)】。



二星神原名為



1 左司命(大司命)﹐姓韓名思字元信﹐號神宗。



2 右司命(少司命)﹐姓張名獲邑字子良﹐號靈華。



而在其他【道教】文獻中﹐不同朝代也對【大少司命】有著不同記錄或介紹。



/漢時期﹐【灶君】被公認為【司命之主】。



漢代﹐【南斗六司星君】則被奉為【四命六神/元辰星君】。



唐朝﹐在【唐高宗】封禪之後﹐【東嶽大帝】被封為【天齊君】後﹐其神職也加上了【司命】一職。



宋代﹐在【天童護命妙經】中也有提到【司命與吾】。



明代﹐大力推崇【三茅司命真君】一切相關經典/科儀。



就如【屈原】在《楚辭之九歌》中﹐他就對於二位【神君】作了不同的介紹 【大司命】為男相﹐【少司命】為女相﹐簡介如下﹕



【大司命】為【屈原】的《九歌》中提到的一位神明,和【少司命】為相對的二元神,各家觀點基本上皆認定其為一名男性神明



基本上正如其名,各家皆認為他和【少司命】是司掌命運之神,但命運的細項以及他們兩位神分別掌管哪些命運,各家說法不一,基本上為以下兩類:



主生死



主壽命



【少司】命為【屈原】的《九歌》中提到的一位神明,和【大司命】為相對的二元神,各家觀點基本上皆認定其為一名女神。



相對於【大司命】,【少司命】的爭議就比較多,其雖認定是司掌命運,但關於命運的細項掌管分配則有以下看法:



1.主子嗣



2.主緣、戀愛、婚配



3.主災祥、禍福



【大司命》】和【少司命】两篇所祭祀的是掌管壽命的神。



【大司命】總管人類的生死,所以稱之為「大」;【少司命】則專門掌管儿童的命運,所以稱之為「少」。


《丁酉雞年天貺日暨天門開 》





《丁酉雞年天貺日暨天門開



天貺日】,定於每歲【農曆六月初六日】,在道教文化中﹐天貺日被譽為玉皇赦罪大天尊﹐開赦天下之日﹐也是上天貺福民間之時。不但如此﹐也是三界高真第二次巡視校考天下之朝



而【農曆六月初七日】稱爲【天門開】,是為【三界高真回返通明殿繳旨之日



【民間文化】,則稱此二日為【半年節】(有者認爲是【農曆六月十五日】)。



天貺日也被稱為經日】,這天﹐習道者除了經文】拿出來讓【太陽】曬一下也得將【道袍﹐置于烈日下曬。



民間文化】則在這天﹐將老年者準備的壽衣﹐取七件中的一件出來曬太陽,以求【長壽】。



Tian Kuang Day - Opening of Heavenly Gate 2017



In Taoist Culture, every year during the Lunar 6 Month, the Taoist or Chinese will celebrate this important Festival on the 6th Day of Lunar 6 Month (農曆六月初六日為天貺日﹐初七為天門開日).



For Year 2017, Tian Kuang Day falls on 29 Jun, a Thursday.


Tian Men Kai aka Opening of Heavenly Gate falls on
30 Jun, a Friday.



The Introduction on Tian Kuang Day:



Tian Kuang Ri (天貺日), in Taoism, known as the Day of Jade Emperor of Heaven distribution Blessing for ALL Beings & also, the 2nd Inspection Day for All High Authority Deities of the Three Realms (). In Chinese Culture, this Day is also known as Half Year Festival aka Ban Nian Jie (半年節).



Whereas, Tian Men Kai is the Day for the Deities to return back to the Celestial Palace for the Reporting & Submitting of the Inspection Result.



In South East Asia, due to the mis-interpretation and misconception, the Opening of Heavenly Gate is celebrated on the 7th Day of Lunar 6 Month, which is not that Official & Accurate. Recent Years, due to Commercialization, many Folks are using this Opportunity to make Money by holding Un-necessary Events & Blessing Ceremonies, which somehow contribute to Degrading & Distorting of the Culture of Tian Kuang Ri.



According to Chinese History, the Celebration of Tian Kuang Ri was only being fixed after Song Dynasty (this is a Day that being Bestowed by Song Emperor Zhen Zong 宋真宗祥符四年 on AD 1011, before AD 1011, Tian Kuang Ri is usually being celebrated on the 1st Day or 15th Day of Lunar 6 Month).



So does Really the Heavenly Gate opened on this Day?



This is just a Myth that the folks believed in, to be more exact, Heavenly Gate does not have the process of Opening or Closing.



In Taoist Context, the "Heavenly Gate" or so-called the Entrance to the Heavenly/Spiritual Realm is located at the Eastern Hemisphere, in between the 2 Stars in the Green Dragon Formation (東方青龍角宿二星) - in Western Astrology, these 2 Stars are located in Spica Formation (室女α星). And this is why, during Tian Kuang Ri, when Taoist Priests performed the Sending of Spiritual Petition to the Heavenly Realm, the Taoist Priests will have to step the Dipper-steps towards the Eastern Direction and then conduct the Burning-off the Spiritual Petition facing the East (天貺日﹐道士送表時須面向東方之位).



In most of the Chinese Myths, Heavenly Gate always being illustrated in the Southern Hemisphere (南天門), which is not Accurate.



So what is the actual meaning of this Tian Kuang Ri aka Tian Men Kai?



According to records and the Objective that being fixed by the Song Empire, actually Tian Kuang Ri is a Day for the Taoists to pay respect to the Heaven and other Deities and also, for Jade Emperor of Heaven (玉皇大天尊) to send his Officials to the Mortal Realm to distribute out the necessary Blessing to the Living Beings according to their Credits and Merits accumulated thru-out the past 6 Months (another Day of such Events will be on the 25th Day of Lunar 12 Month).



Due to this Tian Kuang Ri belief, this is why in our Taoist or Chinese Society, in the Spiritual Theory, we have a Theory of Luck will only changed after every 6 Lunar Months.



Tian Kuang Ri has another meaning of, Heaven gives out the Necessary Gifts/Rewards to the Necessary groups of Beings, such as Sick, Poor, Cultivated People or "Badies (its time for them to Receive the Rewards of what they have Accumulated)".



So how will the Taoists or Chinese Celebrates this Day?



For Taoists, we will visit Temples to pay Respect to Heaven & Jade Emperor of Heaven and then, do certain Chanting or Reciting of Scriptures or Incantations.



For Chinese, they will visit Temples to do requesting of Lucks and also, to do reprimanding of one self Debts, Sins and Evil-doing, once the Reprimanding is done, then they will do another round of Luck-requesting.



For those whose Requests being fulfilled within the 6 Months, they will need to return to the Temple to show their Gratitude to the Heaven or Deities before 25th Day of Lunar 12 Month.



For the Folks, on this Day, they will bring out their Clothing, Paintings, Books or some Valuable-stuffs to do Sun-bathing. Why they do so? Folks believed that by doing the Sun-bathing, the Objects will be blessed by Heaven and all these Objects will be able to last longer (天貺日也被稱為晒經日。這天﹐習道者會將經文﹐道袍﹐置于烈日下曝晒).



In the Early Days (in Singapore), Old people who had bought their Shou Yi (壽衣 the Apparel for their Funeral) to keep, on this Day, they would bring out one piece (out of the 7 Layers) to do Sun-bathing. Why they do so? The Old people believed that by doing so, their Age-span would be prolonged by 1-3 years. If they didn’t do that, meaning that on that year, it might be their Last Year staying in this Mortal Realm (民間則在這天﹐將老年者準備的壽衣﹐取一件出來曝晒).



Besides the Sun-bathing for the Items, Taoists will also do Copying of Taoist Scriptures (天貺日抄經也是必然的功課之一) at Home. This is the time that Taoists show their Respect & Gratitude to the Big Dao.



On this Day, Taoists & Chinese will use Glutinous Rice Powder (Red, White is Forbidden for this Day) to make Sweet Dumplings aka Tang Yuan (在天貺日所準備的湯圓不可有紅或白). Consuming of Tang Yuan on this Day is to request for Blessing on Reunion & also for Ushering in New Hopes for the Next 6 Months.



So how can one self Celebrates this Day in this Modern Society?



Its very simple, just get some simple Offerings (as followed) to any Temple. Sincerely pay your respect and I’m sure your Request will be heard by the Heaven.



天貺日所需供品  Here the offerings go:



1) 1 set of 3 Long Incenses (長壽香一副)

2) 1 pair of Red Candles (紅燭一對)

3) 1 set of Fruits (5 Quantity 生果五顆)

4) 1 set of Loose Flowers (鮮花一盤)

5) 1 or 3 set(s) of Tian Gong Jin (Big Josspaper 天公/太極金三疊)

6) 1 or 3 set(s) of Shou Jin (Normal Josspaper 大壽/三寶金三疊)



Upon reaching the Temple, place All the offerings on the Main Altar or at the Jade Emperors Altar, then proceed to the Whole Temple to pay respect to the Other Deities and then return to the Altar where you placed the Offerings, sincerely make a Bow and then Kneel down on the Kneeling-pad and start your Requesting:



1) Start with the Offering of Incense Incantation:



祝香神咒 (Incenses Offering Incantation)



道由心學。心假香傳。

Dao You Xin Xue, Xin Jia Xiang Chuan



香爇玉爐。心存帝前。

Xiang Re Yu Lu, Xin Cun Di Qian



真靈下盼。仙旆臨軒。

Zhen Ling Xia Pan, Xian Pei Lin Xuan



令民關告。逕達九天.

Ling Min Guan Gao, Jing Da Jiu Tian (Bow 鞠躬)



Then Recite Yu Huang Da Tian Zun's Praise Incantation (玉皇大天尊寶誥)



太上弥罗无上天。妙有玄真境。

Tai Shang Mi Luo Wu Shang Tian. Miao You Xuan Zhen Jing



渺渺紫金阙。太微玉清宮。

Miao Miao Zi Jin Que. Tai Wei Yu Qing Gong



无极无上圣。廓落法光明。

Wu Ji Wu Shang Sheng. Kuo Luo Fa Guang Ming



寂寂浩无宗。玄範总十方。

Ji Ji Hao Wu Zong. Xuan Fan Zong Shi Fang



湛寂真常道。恢漠大神通。

Zhan Ji Zhen Chang Dao. Hui Mo Da Shen Tong



玉皇大天尊。玄穹高上帝。

Yu Huang Da Tian Zun. Xuan Qiong Gao Shang Di (Bow 鞠躬)



2) Report your name and where you stayed

3) Report what is the event Today

4) Report what is your Request (remember to request for those that is possible to fulfill)

5) Once the report is done, sincerely make 3 Bows and then stand-up and place your Incenses into the Urn

6) Make a Bow and leave the Spot

7) After 10 - 15 Minutes, retrieve the Incense-papers and proceed to do the Sending-off

8) Once the Burning is done, retrieve the Offerings and then leave the Temple



Remember, once the Request is being fulfilled within the 6 Months, please return to the Temple again to show your Gratitude.



More info on Tian Kuang Day (天貺日多知一點點):

Official Offerings for Tian Kuang Day (
天貺日上敬蒼天供品簡介):
http://javewutaoismplace.blogspot.sg/2013/07/official-offerings-for-tian-kuang-day.html



Tian Kuang Zither of Tang Dynasty (唐代天貺琴簡介):
http://javewutaoismplace.blogspot.sg/2013/07/tian-kuang-zither-of-tang-dynasty.html


The Eight Predictions (天貺日之八大預言):





《道教科儀文化。成年出花園。朝敬臨水十宮夫人》















《道教科儀文化。成年出花園。朝敬臨水十宮夫人》

幼轉少,
少轉成,
成年眾男女,
步出花園,
天地育成。

感親恩,
恩親思,
思念懷感謝,
叩敬報孝,
父母辛勞。

【道教科儀】之【出花園儀式】,除了得答謝【天恩】,更得朝敬不同【監生府】的【聖真】,包括【臨水宮】諸位【夫人】。

臨水十宮夫人寶誥
至心皈命禮。
珠闕標名。瓊台留跡。
彩鸞為駕。青鳥傳言。
蘭質惠心。
大法同扶元后。
花顏玉貌。
香風布滿三山。
保赤衛房。
喜見寧馨降世。
救胎助剷。
欣看賢淑臨風。
雲鬢霓裳。
袖里青蛇斬妖。
星裾霞披。
空中紫鳳迎仙。
懿德高超。
品立瑤池正果。
賢明遠播。
丹成碧落飛昇。
崇德報功。
輝耀十宮香火。
度人濟世。
散飄萬朵金蓮。
大悲大願。至德至仁。
順天聖母。臨水太后鸞前。
十宮夫人。
貞。敏。文。靜。賢。
慧。淑。庄。端。儀。
十元君。

Thursday, 22 June 2017

《道教神明文化。一正不二。人間青天。龍圖包學士》




《道教神明文化。一正不二。人間青天。龍圖包學士》

一柄上方寶劍,
上可辦昏君佞臣,
下可懲惡徒奸人,
無一幸免。

三副御賜鍘刀,
不管汝皇親國戚,
不管伊權高勢大,
必定分尸。

應宮廟同道好友之詢問,在此分享。

龍圖閣包學士寶誥
至心皈命禮。
文曲星降凡化生。
高權鎮守於開封。
為官清正。
剛直不阿。
駕前受封御史中丞。
職守宋朝三司大使。
一身浩氣。
不畏勢力強權。
一片仁心。
上書開倉拯濟。
以身作責。
辭官回鄉奉孝。
以理待民。
清白冤枉定解。
執法如山。承孝如實。
至仁至正。至孝至忠。
鐵面無私。青天大人。
龍圖學士包仁君。

《道教斗府文化。移星轉斗。災殃化灰塵》









《道教斗府文化。移星轉斗。災殃化灰塵》



斗府曜星下天庭。

真君降駕來度斗。

凶星退換吉星臨。

一切災殃化灰塵。

皈命。移星轉斗大天尊。



【道教移星轉斗】,最早可追溯至【漢朝】或者【三國時代】,有者說是【祖天師】以【北斗】的轉向所“發明”(《神樂觀知觀敕》中所提到),有者認爲是由【諸葛孔明】所“創造”,各説有因,也無不對。



再來一點是說,【移星轉斗】是指每季【北斗星】變動方位時,所舉行的【祭祀】,而且其【祭祀】是與“半夜三更”時才能行之。



但在【道教斗府星宿文化】中,【移星轉斗】與【禮斗】可是分不開關係的。



在大型【禮斗法會】中,【移星轉斗】可説是其中一個必會舉行的【科儀】,爲的就是協助信眾將“不好”的【厄事】,利用【移星轉斗】的【威力】來化解。



與【移星轉斗】中,會恭請各別【星宿真君】降臨,包括【十二元辰本命星君】,等等,來協助個別【生肖】來【卻厄消災】。



【移星轉斗】,在不同的年代,有著不同的做法,如【請四靈】,【請五行】,【請廿八宿】,【請十一曜】,【請十二宮】,等等。



而如今所傳承下來的【移星轉斗】科儀,也最多衹有三部,而且其中兩部已本簡化成“小科目”了。



在行【移星轉斗】之時,【高功主科】得先【開天門】,【進北極】,【入紫微】,再來就是從【斗口】請【星斗】,下降以後再來,【鎮四方】及【安五行】,等等。



一切就序,最後便是以【五行】方位來“轉動”【星盤】,以便達到【移星轉斗】的“效果”。



今日在此簡單分享,供大家明瞭。

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

《道教科儀文化。圭與笏。上奏之權》













《道教科儀文化。圭與笏。上奏之權》



【圭】與【笏】,有著不同的用處及意義,如今的有道之士已完全不去瞭解,便在行科時胡亂用一番,不但將中華文化給扭曲了,也把道教文化給搞渾了。



【圭】,古時衹有皇帝后妃可用,而且不能隨便用,衹有在【祭天封禪】,【祭祖】,【登寶】或【大婚】才可用,上方爲【尖端】而且寬,下方則是【平】及【窄】(其他朝代又有不同形狀的【圭】)。



而在道教文化,則衹有聖真方可使用【圭】。



如今有些【高功主科】也用其【圭】,這不就是自己“封神稱帝”了嗎?



再來,【笏】或稱【奏板】,上方爲【窄】,下方則【寬】。



在道教文化中,【奏板】有一定的尺寸,手握【奏板】底部,設于【心】前,上方剛好在【口】處,代表【心上達。口宣意】(在此省略使用【奏板】教學)。



早期的道教【奏板】,并無【符諱】,每每在行科時,就得自己畫符貼上,如今的【奏板】已改良,多數有【符諱】刻與【奏板】之面,而與【正一道宗文化】中,每每在使用【奏板】時,得準備三至五張“特別”的【符諱】,以便[上達天聼]



除了【符諱】,【奏板】上是不能“雕龍畫鳳”的,如有則是“褻瀆神明”。



在日本文化當中,現今的【宗教師】還是會用到【奏板】,但他們的拿法與我們的不同 “倒頭拿”,因此我們得分清楚明白。



在此分享,以作導正。