道教神霄派南宗祖師白玉蟾 Introduction on The South Taoist Sect Master Immortal Bai Yu Chan
Immortal Bai Yu Chan (白玉蟾) - translated as the Jade Toad, initially known as Ge Chang Geng (原名葛長庚) or Ge Ru Hui (或葛如晦), at the age of 12, after his Mother remarried to a Scholar, Bai Yu Chan was advised to change his surname to Bai (his Mother's surname) and so, Bai Yu Chan got his final name from then.
Bai Yu Chan, born in AD1194 (Southern Song Dynasty Period 南宋光宗绍熙五年), on the 15th Day of Lunar 3 Month (生于農曆三月十五日). Ancestral Hometown in Hokkien Province, Min Qing Area (祖上祖籍福建閩清). Born place in Hainan Province Hainan Shan Area (生於瓊州瓊山).
At the age of 3, Bai Yu Chan was able to memorize most of the Chinese Articles that being taught by his Mother. At 7, he was able to recite & compose Poems & Songs. And by the age of 9, Bai Yu Chan had started to study Yi Jing aka Book of Change (周易) & other Taoist Scriptures.
In AD1206, at the age of 12, Bai Yu Chan's Biological Father pass-on. Without a Bread-winner at home, Bai Yu Chan's Mother had to remarry to a Scholar in-order to up-bring the Son. Just before Bai Yu Chan's Mother - Madam Bai, married to her new husband, she changed her Son's surname to Bai (in-order not to let the others mocked at Bai Yu Chan) and changed his name to Yu Chan (due to the Dream that she had when she was pregnant - dreaming of a Big Jade Toad entering into her room when she gave birth to Yu Chan).
After his Biological Father's passing-on, the young Bai Yu Chan suddenly realised that One's Mortal Life was extremely short & many unpredictable issues could happened to oneself if oneself was not able to escape from the "Distorting" of the Natural (Five Elements). And so, at the age of 13, Bai Yu Chan started to do his researches & asked around for a Cultivated/Skillful Taoist Master for learning Taoist Skills & Cultivation.
With his Sincerity & Determination, Bai Yu Chan finally got a Master and from then, he started his Training under him. Due to Bai Yu Chan was a brilliant child, within months, he was able to memorise all the Teaching that his Master imparted to him and within years, he was able to leave the Taoist School to perform his Taoist Tasks.
At the age of 21, Bai Yu Chan had travelled to quite a number of Places to perform his Taoist Tasks & Preaching and during this Period, he composed/wrote quite a number of Poems, Songs & Articles and till today, most of them were still being kept by his Descendants/Disciples.
At late 20s, Bai Yu Chan was fortunate to meet up with Chen Nan (陳楠), another famous Taoist Priest, who performed his Taoist Cultivation by study & made Elixirs, besides that, Chen Nan also shared with him on the Taoist Spiritual Skill - Thunder Skill (雷法). With the coaching of Chen Nan, Bai Yu Chan succeeded in the making of Elixirs and also mastered the important ways of releasing the Thunder Skill. This assist him later in the re-organizing of the Taoist School known as Shen Xiao Sect (神霄派). If we will to go thru the Taoist Records Dao Fa Hui Yuan (道法會元), we will be able to see the Records of Chen Nan & Bai Yu Chan.
At the age of about 30, Bai Yu Chan was being summoned by the Song Emperor. During the meet-up, Bai Yu Chan was bestowed with an Official Title of Zi Qing Ming Dao Zhen Ren (紫清明道真人) and was appointed to take charge of the operation of the Imperial Taoist Temple known as Tai Yi Gong (太乙宮) located in the Capital City. From then, Bai Yu Chan became more popular and known by the Taoist Society.
During the Period of staying in Tai Yi Gong, Bai Yu Chan took in a few Disciples which later assisted him in promoting the Teaching of his Taoist Sect. Two famous Disciples of him were Peng He Lin (彭鶴林) & Liu Yuan Chang (留元長)
At the age of 35, Bai Yu Chan returned back to Hainan Province.
AD1229, age 36, Bai Yu Chan got his Immortal-hood at Peak Wen Bi (文筆峰) in Hainan Province. According to some records, his Immortal-hood Anniversary was on 25th Day of Lunar 7 Month (農曆七月廿五日).
Now in Hainan Island, you are still able to visit the spot where Bai Yu Chan ascended to the Heaven and also the Main Taoist Temple that built to honour him - Yu Chan Gong (玉蟾宮).
In Singapore, you will able to honour him in Telok Blangah Height Tian Gong Temple (萬壽山天公廟 located besides Block 45).